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Health and Well-Being

Health and well-being are important considerations in overall job quality. Relevant factors can include the physical work environment, the physical demands of the job, as well as the psycho-social dimensions of the workplace, like job stress, role-conflict, and job control. 

The impact that an unhealthy workplace can have on both workers and workplaces has been researched extensively. For example, research by Duxbury and Higgins (2001, 2003) has suggested that stress-related absences cost employers between $3 and $5 billion each year. Extensive research has documented direct and indirect benefits of healthy work environments, including higher job satisfaction, lower absenteeism and turnover, improved job performance, and lower accident rates. 

We examine two indicators of health and well-being. The first is a measure of how often workers reported working at high speed; a job that requires workers to continuously work at high speeds may contribute to stress. The second indicator shows the proportion of workers who feel that their health or safety is at risk because of their job. 

[1] See: Duxbury, Linda and Chris Higgins (2001). Work-Life Balance in the New Millennium: Where Are We? Where Do We Need to Go? Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks, Discussion Paper No. W|12 or Duxbury, Linda and Chris Higgins (2003). Work-Life Conflict in Canada in the New Millennium – A Status Report. Ottawa: Health Canada